Trump, 3M Clash Over Face Masks 04/04 10:55
(AP) -- President Donald Trump said Friday his administration will try to
stop "profiteers" from exporting medical protective gear, shortly after picking
a fight with manufacturing giant 3M, a major producer and exporter of face
masks used to protect health care workers from the coronavirus.
3M argued that blocking exports will raise "significant humanitarian
implications" abroad and lead other countries to retaliate by withholding
much-needed medical supplies from the U.S.
Nearly all of 3M's exports of high-grade N95 masks go to Canada and Latin
America, and Canadian officials led by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau took the
company's side. They lobbied Trump administration officials not to cut off part
of their supply.
That was not enough to persuade Trump.
Late Friday, the president announced that he will direct the Federal
Emergency Management Agency to prevent the export of N95 masks, surgical gloves
and other medical protective gear. He said exceptions might be made to help
Italy and Spain, which have been hit hard by the coronavirus outbreak.
"We are not happy with 3M," Trump added during a White House briefing.
The spat between the president and a leading American manufacturer started
Thursday, after Trump used his authority under the 1950 Defense Production Act
to direct the government to acquire the "appropriate" number of N95 respirators
from Minnesota-based 3M and its subsidiaries.
The N95 masks, also called respirators, provide more protection against the
virus that causes COVID-19 than do ordinary surgical masks. Governors and
hospital officials around the country have warned of a dire shortage of masks
and other protective gear for health care workers treating infected patients.
The president followed up his order with a barbed tweet Thursday night.
"We hit 3M hard today after seeing what they were doing with their Masks. 'P
Act' all the way. Big surprise to many in government as to what they were doing
- will have a big price to pay!" Trump tweeted.
The events leading to Trump's order against 3M began weeks ago. A White
House official said when Vice President Mike Pence visited a 3M factory in
Minnesota last month, he was told that 3M had 35 million N95 masks that were
intended for commercial uses but could be used by health care workers.
This week, after 3M received liability protection that it sought, the White
House learned that not all of those masks were ready for the U.S. market, the
Jared Kushner, the president's son-in-law, has been leading administration
contacts with the company to learn where the masks went and why some were not
available as promised. The situation led Trump to invoke the Defense Production
Act, said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss events
that have not been made public.
The company said, however, that it has been boosting production for the past
two months and working with the Trump administration since last weekend to
improve the supply of masks.
The company said it has raised U.S. production of N95 masks from 22 million
in January to 35 million in March, with the entire increase being distributed
in the United States. 3M said 10 million N95 masks that it produced in China
will be shipped to the U.S.
The company has traditionally exported about 6 million masks a month to
Canada and Latin America, where 3M is a primary supplier. 3M objected to
stopping those exports.
CEO Mike Roman said Trump's insinuation that 3M was doing something wrong
"The idea that we are not doing everything we can to maximize deliveries of
respirators in our home country --- nothing is further from the truth," he told
The company said stopping the export of respirators would cause other
countries to stop shipments to the U.S., leading to fewer respirators being
"That is the opposite of what we and the Administration, on behalf of the
American people, both seek," the company said in a statement.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said essential health supplies and
workers flow both ways across the border, and blocking exports of 3M masks
would be a mistake.
"I think of the thousands of nurses who cross the bridge in Windsor to work
in the Detroit medical system every day," Trudeau said. "These are things
American rely on."
Doug Ford, premier of Ontario province, said he protested to U.S. Trade
Representative Robert Lighthizer, expressing concern that Trump could create a
shortage of masks for Canadian doctors and nurses.
"The health and well-being of our frontline workers depend on these
essential medical items and now more than ever our countries need to work
together to combat COVID-19," Ford tweeted.
Others, however, said allowing the company to export masks could threaten
safety of Americans.
"The claim that it is humanitarian to ship masks that could have saved
American lives to other countries will astonish and anger a lot of American
customers of 3M," said Erik Gordon, a business professor at the University of
The fight with 3M, while unusual, is not unprecedented. Just last week,
Trump invoked the same 1950 law to force General Motors to build ventilators
used to treat COVID-19 patients.
Trump accused GM of not moving quickly enough to ramp up production, and of
trying to overcharge the government. GM said it had been working on ventilators
for weeks. Two days later, Trump praised the auto maker, saying it was "doing a